Cette étude universitaire anglaise parle des apparitions de L’Ile-Bouchard. Chris Maunder est “Senior Lecturer” en Théologie et Etudes des religions à l’Université St Jean de York en Grande-Bretagne. Son étude “Our Lady of the Nations” est publiée en 2016 aux “Oxford University Press”
Our Lady of the Nations
Apparitions of Mary in 20th-Century Catholic Europe
- Provides a detailed analysis of the apparitions of Mary in twentieth-century Catholic Europe
- Relates apparitions to major twentieth-century movements and trends, such as communism, Nazism, liberalism, consumerism, and the growth of information technology.
- Situates outbreaks of apparitions in their socio-political context.
- Explains that apparitions are movements of renewal amid falling numbers of Catholic adherents, and continue to be signs of the maternal presence of Mary and her concern for the world.
Our Lady of the Nations is a detailed and scholarly overview of the apparitions of Mary in 20th-century Catholic Europe. Chris Maunder discusses apparitions in general and how they are interpreted in Catholicism by, for example, Karl Rahner and Benedict XVI. The role of women and children as visionaries is considered, including issues concerning changing views of gender, children’s spirituality, and the protection of minors. He covers cases that are well known and approved by the Church (Fatima, Beauraing, Banneux, and Amsterdam), others that are well known but not approved (such as Garabandal and Medjugorje), and many that are neither well known nor approved, such as those in Belgian Flanders or Nazi Germany in the 1930s, or in France, Italy, or Germany after the Second World War. Resources include academic studies of particular apparitions, some Catholic theological and devotional literature, and occasionally travel writing. There is also coverage of material in French which is not known to the English reader.
Shrines and visionaries are believed to be indicators of the presence of Mary. In the visionary perspective, she has appeared in order to reassure her followers and to warn of divine judgement. Her messages echo doctrinal Catholic Mariology with some innovations, but also express a deep dissatisfaction with the events and trends of the 20th century, from communism to Nazism to liberalism and religious indifference. While the Marian cult evolves according to new templates for apparitions and developments in Mariology, the fundamental message of presence, consolation, and admonition remains constant.